It is the first ancient capital of Sri Lanka with roots that go back to the 4th century BC. As the birthplace of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, it is one of the most revered cities in the land and Buddhism’s monument capital. The impressive collection of Anuradhapura temples, stupas, statues, and stoneworks has given the city UNESCO World Heritage Site status. There are also ruins of monasteries and palaces thousands of years old. It is not just an archaeological city but the heart of Sri Lanka’s civilization with a sophisticated network of reservoirs and waterways built for irrigation. Anuradhapura belongs to the Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka and contains the most sacred tree in the world.
The Sacred Bodhi Tree
It is the oldest surviving human-planted tree in the world. It was a sapling from the original tree in India, under which Buddha said to have attained enlightenment.
Out of all dagobas in Anuradhapura, this is the most iconic. It was built by King Dutugamunu in 140 BC and is said to contain the biggest collection of Buddha’s relics.
It was from the summit of this rock, Arahat Mahinda preached the first words of Buddhism to King Devanampiyatissa, who converted to Buddhism then and there.
It was the third tallest monument in the world. Built by King Mahasen, this massive dome consisted of 90 million bricks. Ruins of a sprawling monastery surround it.
This 3rd century BC dagoba is the oldest in Sri Lanka and was built by King Devanampiyatissa to enshrine the right collarbone of Buddha. Its most unique feature is the Vatadage.
This mega structure dating back to 2nd the century BC is another stupa containing relics of Buddha. Its monastic complex was the original custodian of the Tooth Relic.